Medical
Courses

Almost 16 Lakh Candidates registered and appeared for the NEET Exam that was conducted on September 12, 2021. This is a reflection of the fact that the medical field continues to be one of the most sought-after fields in India, if not the most sought-after. This makes the Medical Courses all the more important.

Out of all the Medical Courses, there are 4 main courses at the Undergraduate and Postgraduate level that are most useful for the candidates. These train the candidates in all the basic knowledge about various medical disciplines, medical ethics, laws, and therapeutics. However, students cannot get a good idea about what each course has to offer until and unless information about them is available in detail.

Types Of Medical Courses


These are the 4 main courses that are not just the most sought-after courses by medical aspirants but are also the most useful when it comes to the curriculum and career prospects.

Undergraduate Medical Courses


MBBS

It won’t be wrong to say that the primary medical degree course in India would be the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery a.k.a MBBS. This is mainly a 5-6 year undergraduate (UG) course that is mainly followed in those countries that have by and large followed the British mode of education. There is a lot to know about this course, which is considered as the paramount UG medical course in India.

1. This course attempts to train candidates to develop the ability to diagnose and treat medical illnesses.

2. Students are also made to develop the aptitude to constantly research new and innovative ways to combat newly mutating diseases.

3. They are taught the basics of various diseases and illnesses, along with the study of drugs, therapies, medical formulas, and others.

4. An important part of this course is for the candidates to be up-to-date with the latest norms and practices in the medical field. This also includes being aware of all the National and International health standards as well as policies, and how to abide by them without compromising on the quality of research.

5. An important yet overlooked aspect of MBBS is that it also makes the students aware of and abide by medical ethics. This is true in the case of research work, patient care as well as in day-to-day service.

6. This also involves good oral and written communication skills, which is also focussed on in this course.

All in all the MBBS course is a starting course for those who seek to become efficient medical professionals in the future. Students tend to gain the basic knowledge and competencies during this course. It gives them an overall idea about the various medical disciplines and in turn helps them to choose a specialization in the future.

BDS

Unlike MBBS, this isn’t an all-encompassing course but instead, focuses on one discipline i.e. Dentistry. This is evident from its name Bachelor of Dental Surgery. This is a 4-year undergraduate (UG) course that mainly trains the students in understanding the facets of dental problems, surgery, and denture. There are a lot of other things that this course offers both educationally, and practically.

1. Special emphasis is given on oral health, dental tools and practices as well as Dental Anatomy.

2. This course also adequately focuses on training the students to master the art of Prosthodontics as well as carry out Conservative dental practices like filling tooth cavities, etc. Students are given pre-clinical training on real-life-like models to perfect this art.

3. General Anatomy is one of the most important aspects of this course. This includes a study of the bones and muscles, with special emphasis on the Lymphatic System and organs as well as the Cardiovascular systems. Additionally, students are also made to understand the classifications of the above as well as the role of veins and arteries in these systems.

4. Other important fields that BDS focuses on include General Medicine and General Surgery, and Radiology.

5. Just like Prosthodontics, BDS also focuses on various dental applications like Paedodontics and Endodontics.

6. Conservative Dentistry, Preventive Dentistry, and Microbiology are also important concepts taught here.

All in all, BDS focuses on ensuring that students taking this course are well versed in the facets of Oral Medicine and Dental Surgery so that they become efficient dental medical practitioners in the future.

MBBS

It won’t be wrong to say that the primary medical degree course in India would be the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery a.k.a MBBS. This is mainly a 5-6 year undergraduate (UG) course that is mainly followed in those countries that have by and large followed the British mode of education. There is a lot to know about this course, which is considered as the paramount UG medical course in India.
1. This course attempts to train candidates to develop the ability to diagnose and treat medical illnesses.
2. Students are also made to develop the aptitude to constantly research new and innovative ways to combat newly mutating diseases.
3. They are taught the basics of various diseases and illnesses, along with the study of drugs, therapies, medical formulas, and others.
4. An important part of this course is for the candidates to be up-to-date with the latest norms and practices in the medical field. This also includes being aware of all the National and International health standards as well as policies, and how to abide by them without compromising on the quality of research.
5. An important yet overlooked aspect of MBBS is that it also makes the students aware of and abide by medical ethics. This is true in the case of research work, patient care as well as in day-to-day service.
6. This also involves good oral and written communication skills, which is also focussed on in this course.
All in all the MBBS course is a starting course for those who seek to become efficient medical professionals in the future. Students tend to gain the basic knowledge and competencies during this course. It gives them an overall idea about the various medical disciplines and in turn helps them to choose a specialization in the future.

BDS

Unlike MBBS, this isn’t an all-encompassing course but instead, focuses on one discipline i.e. Dentistry. This is evident from its name Bachelor of Dental Surgery. This is a 4-year undergraduate (UG) course that mainly trains the students in understanding the facets of dental problems, surgery, and denture. There are a lot of other things that this course offers both educationally, and practically. 1. Special emphasis is given on oral health, dental tools and practices as well as Dental Anatomy.
2. This course also adequately focuses on training the students to master the art of Prosthodontics as well as carry out Conservative dental practices like filling tooth cavities, etc. Students are given pre-clinical training on real-life-like models to perfect this art.
3. General Anatomy is one of the most important aspects of this course. This includes a study of the bones and muscles, with special emphasis on the Lymphatic System and organs as well as the Cardiovascular systems. Additionally, students are also made to understand the classifications of the above as well as the role of veins and arteries in these systems.
4. Other important fields that BDS focuses on include General Medicine and General Surgery, and Radiology
5. Just like Prosthodontics, BDS also focuses on various dental applications like Paedodontics and Endodontics.
6. Conservative Dentistry, Preventive Dentistry, and Microbiology are also important concepts taught here.
All in all, BDS focuses on ensuring that students taking this course are well versed in the facets of Oral Medicine and Dental Surgery so that they become efficient dental medical practitioners in the future.

Postgraduate Medical Courses


MS

One of the most common options for medical students pursuing their masters is the Doctor of Medicine a.k.a MD course. The main characteristic of this course is the detailed study of medicine as a whole. This 2-year course warrants a deeper study of the understanding, diagnosing, treating, and preventing of diseases.

1. This is mainly considered by those medical aspirants who seek to become physicians in the future.

2. This is a mainly non-surgical course; however, certain branches of this may require the conduction of minor surgeries.

3. Some important and popular specializations that students can undertake during this course include Pathology, Dermatology, Gynaecology, Psychiatry, Anaesthesiology, Cardiology, Endocrinology, Neurology, Orthopedics, Obstetrics, etc.

4. Due to the wide nature of this course, students also get a wider opportunity in terms of career options. For starters, these include Physician, Hospital Administrator, Medical Researcher, Pharmaceuticals, and a number of other jobs in public and private hospitals.

MD

One of the most common options for medical students pursuing their masters is the Doctor of Medicine a.k.a MD course. The main characteristic of this course is the detailed study of medicine as a whole. This 2-year course warrants a deeper study of the understanding, diagnosing, treating, and preventing of diseases

1. This is mainly considered by those medical aspirants who seek to become physicians in the future.

2. This is a mainly non-surgical course; however, certain branches of this may require the conduction of minor surgeries.

3. Some important and popular specializations that students can undertake during this course include Pathology, Dermatology, Gynaecology, Psychiatry, Anaesthesiology, Cardiology, Endocrinology, Neurology, Orthopedics, Obstetrics, etc.

4. Due to the wide nature of this course, students also get a wider opportunity in terms of career options. For starters, these include Physician, Hospital Administrator, Medical Researcher, Pharmaceuticals, and a number of other jobs in public and private hospitals.

MS

One of the most common options for medical students pursuing their masters is the Doctor of Medicine a.k.a MD course. The main characteristic of this course is the detailed study of medicine as a whole. This 2-year course warrants a deeper study of the understanding, diagnosing, treating, and preventing of diseases.
1. This is mainly considered by those medical aspirants who seek to become physicians in the future.
2. This is a mainly non-surgical course; however, certain branches of this may require the conduction of minor surgeries.
3. Some important and popular specializations that students can undertake during this course include Pathology, Dermatology, Gynaecology, Psychiatry, Anaesthesiology, Cardiology, Endocrinology, Neurology, Orthopedics, Obstetrics, etc.
4. Due to the wide nature of this course, students also get a wider opportunity in terms of career options. For starters, these include Physician, Hospital Administrator, Medical Researcher, Pharmaceuticals, and a number of other jobs in public and private hospitals.

MD

One of the most common options for medical students pursuing their masters is the Doctor of Medicine a.k.a MD course. The main characteristic of this course is the detailed study of medicine as a whole. This 2-year course warrants a deeper study of the understanding, diagnosing, treating, and preventing of diseases.
1. This is mainly considered by those medical aspirants who seek to become physicians in the future.
2. This is a mainly non-surgical course; however, certain branches of this may require the conduction of minor surgeries.
3. Some important and popular specializations that students can undertake during this course include Pathology, Dermatology, Gynaecology, Psychiatry, Anaesthesiology, Cardiology, Endocrinology, Neurology, Orthopedics, Obstetrics, etc.
4. Due to the wide nature of this course, students also get a wider opportunity in terms of career options. For starters, these include Physician, Hospital Administrator, Medical Researcher, Pharmaceuticals, and a number of other jobs in public and private hospitals.

Top Medical
Courses without NEET


There are certain medical courses that an individual can go for even if s/he hasn’t given the NEET Exam. This fact, however, does not compromise with the quality of education provided in these courses and in fact, some of these can fetch lucrative career opportunities. The most popular ones out of all uch courses are mentioned below.

Biotechnology
Technically, a B.Sc in Biotechnology is considered to be an engineering level course and thus, doesn’t require NEET scores. This is a mixture of biology, biochemistry, molecular biology, genetics, and computer science, bioinformatics etc.
Microbiology
This discipline mainly deals with the study of bio organisms (uni, multi and acellular) as well as various sub-disciplines related to them, like immunology, parasitology, virology, etc. Thus, as it’s not related to medical, dental or alternative medicine, NEET isn’t required.
BSc Anaesthesia
Students are basically trained in the basic medical sciences so that they are able to work professionally as an anesthesia specialist. One of the main work done by them is preparing the operation theatre for surgery. Thus, NEET isn’t required.
Psychology
Though a natural science, Psychology doesn’t come under the conventional medical, dental, or alternative medicinal practices (Ayurveda, Unani, etc.). It mainly deals with the mind (preconscious, conscious, and subconscious) and the therapeutic techniques for mental well-being. Thus, no need for NEET.
Physiotherapy
This medical discipline mainly deals with the bodily and physical nature of the human body. Specifically, it deals with understanding the techniques to cure and diagnose as well as carry out rehabilitation of physical bodily challenges. Physiotherapists can deal with regular as well as physically challenged and disabled people. Despite being a medical discipline, it has its own entrance exams and not the NEET Exam.
BSc. Nursing
This is a more wide ranging and encompassing course as compared to the others. Individuals with this degree are not just required to tend to and provide care to the sick, but also specialize in other disciples like Paediatrics, Obstetrics, Psychiatry, Gynaecology, and others. There is a separate MNS Nursing exam for this and thus, doesn’t require the NEET Exam.
B.Pharma
Students are mainly trained to be efficient professionals working in the pharmaceutical industry. It covers Medical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical engineering, Management, as well as an overall understanding of drugs and medicine.

Scope Of Medical India


This is perhaps the endgame that medical candidates have in mind when they choose to pursue some or the other medical course. It’s not possible to list down the plethora of careers that the medical field has to offer. Therefore, this list covers the most important ones from the most popular medical disciplines.

Physician

Surgeon

Hospital administrator

Counselor

Forensic Scientist

Psychiatrist

Ophthalmologist

Nurse

Pharmacist

Radiologist

Gynaecologist

Medical Researcher

Medical Professor

Top Medical Colleges &
Universities in India


These are the top medical colleges across various states in India that offer the best quality medical courses to students. Therefore, it’s important for candidates to have a basic idea of all the top universities in India along with the basic idea of the total fees to be paid.

FH Medical College (FHMC),
Agra

IMR 78-80 Lakh

Rajshree Medical Research Institute (RMRI), Bareilly

IMR 74-75 Lakh

Hind Institute of Medical Sciences (HIMS), Barabanki

IMR 7-70 Lakh

Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences,Bareilly

IMR 60-70 Lakh

Kanti Devi Medical College,
Mathura

IMR 72-73 Lakh

Saraswati Institute of Medical Sciences (SIMS), Hapur

IMR 3-66 Lakh

Sharda University Medical College (SUMC), Greater Noida

IMR 40-50 Lakh

Subharti Medical College,
Meerut

IMR 65-70 Lakh

Rama Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Hapur

IMR 68-78 Lakh

GS Medical College and Hospital (GSMCH), Hapur

IMR 71-72 Lakh

Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

IMR 88-89 Lakh

NKP Salve Institute of Medical Sciences (NKPSIMS), Nagpur

IMR 20-25 Lakh

D.Y.Patil Medical College,
Pune

IMR 1.5 Crore

Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru

IMR 11-12 Lakh

Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru

IMR 11-12 Lakh

Institute of Medical Sciences & Hospital, Bhubaneshwar

IMR 1-3 Lakh

Eligibility Criteria for Admission


Neither the candidature, nor the admission of the candidates is possible without knowing about the Eligibility Criteria for the various Medical Courses. It’s, therefore, important for candidates to properly know all the requirements to be eligible for admission to medical courses.

1
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
1. First and foremost, the students need to have completed their 10+2 from a recognized educational board.
2. The compulsory subjects in Class XI and XII need to be Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biotechnology .
3. English needs to be the core subject during Class XI and XII.
4. To be eligible for MBBS in India, students need to be at least 17 years old as of 31st December of the year in which admission is being taken.
2
Bachelor of Dentistry (BDS)
1. Indian Nationals are eligible to apply for this course, along with NRIs and OCI/PIOs.
2. It’s compulsory for candidates to pass the Higher/Senior Secondary Examination (12 year). ICSE students are required to have completed its equivalent of the CBSE 10+2 Higher Secondary. National Institute of Open Sciences (NIOS) are also eligible.
3. Foreign candidates are eligible if the exams that they qualified earlier are equivalent to the CBSE 10+2 according to the Association of Indian Universities, as per the directions of the Dental Council of India.
4. The NEET Exam is compulsory for admission into the BDS courses.
5. Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biotechnology are compulsory subjects along with an elective like Maths, along with English.
3
Doctor of Medicine (MD)
1. In order to be eligible for an MD course, students are required to compulsorily possess an MBBS degree. Those having an MBBS degree from any foreign university are also eligible.
2. A minimum of 50% marks is required in the MBBS examinations.
3. Some universities conduct their own entrance exams (differs from institution to institution) and in that case, it’s the scores in these exams that are considered.
4. The minimum score required in such cases is determined by the universities.
4
Master of Surgery (MS)
1. Candidates compulsorily possess an MBBS degree from an institution recognized by the MCI/NMC or one of the the State Medical Councils.
2. It’s also mandatory that candidates complete 1 year of rotatory internship and get the completion certificate by 31st March of the year of admission.
3. Candidates require to score at least 50% during their MBBS (45% for the SC/ST/OBC).

Eligibility Criteria for Admission


Neither the candidature, nor the admission of the candidates is possible without knowing about the Eligibility Criteria for the various Medical Courses. It’s, therefore, important for candidates to properly know all the requirements to be eligible for admission to medical courses.

1
Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
1. First and foremost, the students need to have completed their 10+2 from a recognized educational board.
2. The compulsory subjects in Class XI and XII need to be Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biotechnology.
3. English needs to be the core subject during Class XI and XII.
4. To be eligible for MBBS in India, students need to be at least 17 years old as of 31st December of the year in which admission is being taken.
2
Bachelor of Dentistry (BDS)
1. Indian Nationals are eligible to apply for this course, along with NRIs and OCI/PIOs.
2. It’s compulsory for candidates to pass the Higher/Senior Secondary Examination (12 year). ICSE students are required to have completed its equivalent of the CBSE 10+2 Higher Secondary. National Institute of Open Sciences (NIOS) are also eligible.
3. Foreign candidates are eligible if the exams that they qualified earlier are equivalent to the CBSE 10+2 according to the Association of Indian Universities, as per the directions of the Dental Council of India.
4. The NEET Exam is compulsory for admission into the BDS courses.
5. Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biotechnology are compulsory subjects along with an elective like Maths, along with English.
3
Doctor of Medicine (MD)
1. In order to be eligible for an MD course, students are required to compulsorily possess an MBBS degree. Those having an MBBS degree from any foreign university are also eligible.
2. A minimum of 50% marks is required in the MBBS examinations.
3. Some universities conduct their own entrance exams (differs from institution to institution) and in that case, it’s the scores in these exams that are considered.
4. The minimum score required in such cases is determined by the universities.
4
Master of Surgery (MS)
1. Candidates compulsorily possess an MBBS degree from an institution recognized by the MCI/NMC or one of the the State Medical Councils.
2. It’s also mandatory that candidates complete 1 year of rotatory internship and get the completion certificate by 31st March of the year of admission.
3. Candidates require to score at least 50% during their MBBS (45% for the SC/ST/OBC)

FAQS